Rauriser Täler

Rauris

Summits and crossings

Summits:

  • Silberpfennig (2.600 m)
  • Herzog-Ernst-Spitze (2.933 m)
  • Hoher Sonnblick (3.106 m)
  • Hocharn (3.254 m)
  • Ritterkopf (3.006 m)
  • Edlenkopf (2.923 m)
  • Hinteres Modereck (2.930 m)
  • Baumgartlkopf (2.623 m)
  • Breitebenekopf (2.236 m)

Crossings:

  • via Riffelscharte (2.472 m) - Niedersachsenhaus
  • via Fraganter Scharte (2.754 m) to Duisburger Hütte (2.573 m)
  • via Obere Brettscharte (2.786 m) into Zirknitztal
  • via Weißenbachscharte (2.645 m) to Heiligenblut
  • via Mittertörl (2.373m) to Glocknerstraße road
  • via Hochtor (2.926 m) to Glocknerstraße road

Valley of Vultures

 

In Rauris up to 100 griffon vultures regularly make their home between May and September. The HohenTauern is the only region in Central Europe where griffon vultures can regularly be observed in the wild. They are nonbreeding and young birds from the breeding areas of the northwest Balkan Peninsula. Notable roosting cliffs here can be found in Rauriser Krumltal, in Hollersbachtal and in Stubachtal valleys. Rauris was also the place for the first release of a bearded vulture into the wild. These beautiful animals were almost completely extinct in Europe in the 19th century. They were rumoured to be poaching lambs and children, even though they are specialised bone eaters. Thanks to intense breeding programmes in zoos, reintroduction of these fine birds could begin in 1986. To date, three couples have been found in the Hohe Tauern. Researchers are hoping for successful breeding so that an "Austrian" bearded vulture will soon circle the skies.

 

Transhumance and trading by pack animals

 

The Rauris Valley is one of the Tauern valleys with the most alpine pastures. Around 10 % of the community area is used for agriculture, half of which is alpine pasture area. Transhumance in Rauris valley, alongside Fuscher, Felber- and Amertal, Stubach- and Hollersbachtal valleys in the northern Hohe Hohen Tauern is of the most significance. Moreover, in Rauris you can also see plenty of horse driving, including the Pinzgau Noriker horse. The Rauriser Tauern (Hochtor) was used very early on for crossing the Alps. Excavations on the Maschlalm (around 400 BC) and in Rauris date back to 2000 BC. "Rurise" was first mentioned in documents in 1122. Wörth was known as an important reloading point for mule and vehicle traffic as early as in 1230. The Rauriser Tauernhaus provided shelter for travellers and traders and is still used a s a rest stop to this day.

 

Gold mining

 

Rauris, just like Bramberg and Hüttschlag, is a very old mining village with its economic heyday. Back then, around 2,000 miners and 30 guilds are said to have been active in Rauris and Gastein alone. The guild houses with their keel arch portals and bays bear witness to the prosperity in these times. The significance of mining diminished more and more and at the start of the 20th century was stopped completely. Today, blocks from a rockfall are commercially processed in the quarries of Bucheben under the name of "Rauriser Plattengneis". In Kolm- Saigurn, tourists can try their hand at gold panning.

 

Weather station - Observatory Hoher Sonnblick

 

Built by Ignaz Rojacher in 1886, the meteorological station on the Hohe Sonnenblick is considered the the most successful high altitude observatory in the world. The station is manned all year round and in addition to weather services also performs duties for climate and glacier research (see "read more"). In the last 150 years, temperatures in the Alpine region have increased by 1.5°C. The glaciers are shrinking. The permafrost base is rising and rocks and boulder are becoming unstable. The weathers station itself is affected by this as it's very exposed on the rock summit of the Hohe Sonnenblick, which was redeveloped with much effort so as to save the Zittelhaus and observatory from falling.

 

Virgin forest

 

Because of deforestation from mining in the past, Rauris valley is relatively sparsely wooded. Yet still we can find primeval forest here, which is quite pristine. The Rauris virgin forest or Durchgangswald is an archaic boulder forest with numerous moor ponds in the rearmost Hüttwinkltal valley. It grows at between 1,650 and 1,750 m altitude on an old landslide area with numerous swampy ponds and puddles. Columnar crown spruce, giant Swiss pine and beautiful snag trees are signs of a living forest. Between Kruml- and Seidlwinkltal vallyes lies a beautiful mixed forest. A waterfall plunges down three levels here. The area is not developed with any roads or trails and thus provides an undisturbed reserve for black and wood grouse.

 

Seidlwinkltal Valley

On the trails of pack mules

 

The trek into Seidlwinkltal to the Rauriser Tauernhaus begins at Prässerhäusl (bus) or at the Fleckweide parking lot 6 km from Wörth. It leads through varying valley scenery with ravine forest, alpine pastures, past waterfalls (e.g. Spritzbach curtain falls) until you reach the Tauernhaus at 1,527 m altitude. A hike through rear Seidlwinkltal to the Grossglockner High Alpine Road is recommendable. Past the Litzlhofalm across alpine meadows to Mittertörl (side trip to Elendgrube – geological information) and follow the road to Fuscher Lacke Inn (2,261 m).

 

Walking time: approx. 2 ½ hours to Tauernhaus, continue to Fuscher Lacke approx. 3 hours, climb down around 4 hours.

 

 

 

Krumltal Valley

Vulture roosting cliff

 

From Lechnerhäusl Inn, the trek leads along easy paths to the Bräualm hut. Continue across a valley step to Rohrmoser Alm and the waterfall at the head of the valley. Climbers walk to the Otto-Umlauft-bivouac by the NW-ridge of Hocharn mountain. Steep rocky slopes soar upwards in the outer region of the valley. This griffon vulture roosting cliff in Rauris Krumltal is a meeting point for the feathered summer guests. It can be recognised by the white strips of droppings, on which rust-red crustose lichen grow. That's where the name Rotwand (red wall) comes from. Here 30 – 40 griffon vultures can often be seen roosting. Bearded vultures are also a common sight in Krumltal. Don't forget your binoculars!

 

Walking time: approx. 2 hours to Bräualm, another 1 ½ hours to Rohrmoser Alm, ½ hours to waterfall. A total of 6 hours to the bivouac.

 

Hüttwinkltal

Nature Trail Rauris Virgin Forest

 

The nature trail set up by the nature preservation union leads through the so-called Rauris virgin forest, an archetypical boulder forest. 13 information boards and a small forest museum explain the special features. Route: The dirt road to the Durchgangsalmen transit lodges leads to the nature trail, taking you through the forest in one loop. Return to Kolm Saigurn or via the Filzen-, Seealm, Mitterastenalm, then a steep drop downhill to the Astenschmiede lodge and Bodenhaus inn.

 

Walking time: Nature trail approx. 1 hour, descent via Mitterastenalm approx. 2 ½ hours.

 

Bodenhaus to Kolm Saigurn

 

From Bodenhaus follow the road past the gold panning site and then take a right turn along the Knappenweg miners' trail to the subalpine spruce forest (Variant: via Fröstllehenalm and Schneeweide). At Lenzanger parking lot, the trail meets the road, on which you'll reach the Naturfreundehaus (House of Nature Lovers) and Zimmererhütte (NP-Information) in 20 minutes. From there you can get to the Barbara waterfall in around 40 minutes.

 

Walking time: approx. 2 hours, return on the bus or through Rauris virgin forest via Filzenalm, See Alm and Mitterasten Alm to Astenschmiede or Bodenhaus.

 

Tauerngold circular hiking trail and glacier nature trail Rauriser Sonnblick

 

The circular hiking trail set up by Austria Friends of Nature gives a fine insight into the special features of the glacial world. In 2007 it was redeveloped and up-to-date information about glacial and climate research added. The trail leads though the "Vogelmeier-Ochsenkar", the former glacier terminus zone of Goldbergkeeses glacier which is ice-free today, past the Obermayer rock and back to the current glacier snout at around 2,350 m altitude. Following the Rauriser Sonnblic glacier nature trail by Friends of Nature is the Tauern Gold circular hiking trail. The trek leads past the ruins from the time of gold mining and back to the Friends of Nature shelter Neubau, introducing hikers to interesting facts about the history and technology of mining. Useful additions to the presentation boards can be read in the folders (see "read more").

 

Walking time: from House of Nature Lovers Kolm Saigurn approx. 2 hours to Neubau shelter, walking time only for the glacier nature trail and Tauern Gold circular hiking trail about 2 ½ hours.

 

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